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Bharata Natyam

Bharata Natyam is a classical Indian dance form that is popular and nurtured in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This dance form denotes various 19th- and 20th-century reconstructions of Sadir, the art of temple dancers called Devadasis. Sadir in turn, is derived from ancient dance in the treatise Natya Shastra by Bharata of fourth or third century BCE, known for its grace, purity, tenderness, and sculpturesque poses.

A possible origin of the name is from Bharata Muni, who wrote the Natya Shastra to which Bharata Natyam owes many of its ideas. This etymology also holds up to scrutiny better since Bharathanatyam is considered to be 'short form' (kuril) wherein "Bhavam" means expression and "ragam" meaning medium, "thalam" meaning rhythm and natayam meaning dance, consist the 'long form' (nedil). Hence the initialization proposed above is more probably a backronym. Today, it is one of the most popular and widely performed dance styles and is practiced by male and female dancers all over the world.


 
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